КНЕУ - Останні видання

Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана

Останні видання

  • 28 Серпня 2020 р. Dynamic Development of the Global Organic Food Market and Opportunities for Ukraine. (1.2 MB)
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    Тип публікації: Інші матеріали
    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9248) Abstract Considering the insufficient usage of natural resources, ecological crisis, rising population and limitations of the traditional food system in the 21st century, it is extremely important to search for methods to achieve sustainable development. In this context, the search for alternative methods of farming and the transformation of typical food consumption is relevant; the organic market and its features are of particular interest. Based on the above, this article is dedicated to understanding what the development opportunities for the production and export of Ukrainian organic products within the global market are. To achieve this objective, it became necessary to study the specificities of the dynamic growth of the global organic food market, which includes identifying the dominant factors of its development, peculiarities of its regulation, evaluation of the current state, main trends and prospects. The study provides the characteristics of the top competitors in the global market, consumer segmentation and experience of the implementation of global and national organic sector development and support programs. As a result of the study, it was found that Ukraine has unrealized export potential that can be realized using a combination of practices used abroad (the active use of marketing tools, state support for the organic sector and increasing organic production by uniting producers into clusters and creating cooperatives). Keywords: global organic food marketinternational tradetrade agreementsdevelopment programsmarketing strategiesexport-oriented model Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. ASYMMETRY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD AGRICULTURAL MARKET (452.1 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9091) Abstract. It was determined that urgent in the 21st century the problem of food security remains quite due to the dynamic of global and trade-integration processes, causing contradictions and asymmetries of economic development. These processes are rather ambiguous because they exert varying effects on countries, depending on the level of their economic development. Such imbalances have led to asymmetries in the development of the World market for agricultural products. It was noted that asymmetries in the agrarian market are a clear manifestation of imbalances in the World economy, which have arisen due to differences in the levels of economic development and the potential of individual regions and countries. The purpose of the work was to reveal the key characteristics and manifestations of the asymmetric development of the World market for agro-food products and to justify the mechanisms for achieving equilibrium. The purpose of the scientific research is to substantiate the impact of asymmetries on the World economic system, to determine their role in the development of the World agro-food market, their characteristics, to study the structure of the global market. The following methods of scientific research were used to achieve the goal and to solve the tasks of the article: system-structural analysis of economic processes and phenomena, method of quantitative and qualitative comparisons, tabular method of calculating the degree of influence. A review of the scientific literature was also conducted; the statistical reports and programs of development of global international institutions were analyzed; approaches to leveling the negative impact of asymmetries in the development of the agrarian market were determined. The scientific novelty of the obtained results is to study the World agro-food system, to identify and to structure the main asymmetries of development, the determinants of their deepening, to substantiate the directions of their overcoming. It is substantiated that among the main mechanisms of overcoming the asymmetric development of agro-food market the most effective one is the activity of international organizations, mainly concentrating on the development and implementation of local and global projects and programs. In order to overcome the threats and risks arising from the asymmetric development of the agri-food markets, it is advisable to create international initiatives to support the agricultural sectors and agricultural enterprises of various organizational and legal forms. An effective mechanism to counterbalance the negative impact of asymmetries is to reduce the inequalities in the economic development of individual regions and countries through the implementation of development programs. Keywords: world agro-food system, agro-food market, asymmetries, world economy, globalization, international trade. GEL Classification Q17 Formulas: 0; fig.: 3; tabl.: 2; bibl.: 21. Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. Trade and economic integration dominants in North America countries’ interaction (807.5 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9092) Abstract. Under the conditions of deepening economic globalization and changes in regional integration unions functioning, formation and support of mutually beneficial and effective cooperation between countries is an important issue. Despite geographic proximity, cultural similarities and high efficiency of economic interactions, current state of the US-Canada trade cooperation worsens due to the ambitions of the USA as a global economic leader, alongside with unresolved trade disputes and increasing deficit of trade in goods and services. According to the analysis of the US-Canada external trade, it was concluded that due to long-lasting trade, the related supply chains have become highly integrated. The USA buys mostly raw materials and semi-finished products which are then used in finished products designated for internal and external markets. A lot of them even are sold back to Canada. However, there is a controversy in the USA and Canada interests. The USA seeks, first of all, to keep the world leading economic positions, to expand duty-free market available for the sales of domestic producers etc. Canada intends to get rid of protectionist restrictions presumed in American legislation and, thus, to increase the competitiveness of its producers' of goods at the US markets. Estimating the coefficient of trade connectivity, which is bigger than 1, it was evidenced that both countries, in case of trade relations’ worsening or break, will be hardly reoriented on other partners. Our regression analysis shows that Canada’s GDP positively depends on Canadian exports to the USA, while the subsequent permanent increase in Canada’s exports to the USA is forecasted. However, it had been argued that the perspectives of future cooperation hardly depend on the results of negotiation regarding NAFTA reforming which turned into USMCA. Despite the positive conclusion of negotiations on NAFTA's reform and its transformation into USMCA/CUSMA, Canada still has to come up with a more rational policy in order not to become the fifty-first state of the US within the currency and, then, political union. Keywords: globalization, regional integration unions, NAFTA, USMCA, coefficient of trade connectivity, exports, the USA, Canada. JEL Classification: C01, F13, F17, F21, F53 Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. Global Risks of Trade and Economic Cooperation of Ukraine With Countries of the Northern American Region (424.1 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9093) As a result of the study, it was determined that global challenges and risks hinder the development of trade and economic cooperation between countries. For Ukraine,  which has faced geopolitical challenges, the development of partnership with the countries of North America, recognized global economy leaders, is essential in terms of realizing national interests and defending state sovereignty. From the ability of Ukraine to anticipate and minimize the effects of negative exogenous, through methods of economic diplomacy, and especially endogenous factors, to isolate their components and identify trends, turning the challenges into opportunities, will depend on the country's economic growth and increased efficiency of trade and economic cooperation. The purpose of the article is to assess the impact of global risks on the formation and implementation of trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the countries of North America on the basis of methodological approaches of leading international economic institutions and organizations. Critical for its possible consequences for Ukraine is the protectionist US global policy, cyberattacks, disinvestment of capital due to political instability, multi-directional integration intentions and steps, changes in global flows of goods and capital. The methods of scientific research that were used to achieve the goal and to solve the tasks of the article are the following: systematic structural analysis of economic processes and phenomena, method of quantitative and qualitative comparisons, table method of calculating the degree of risks influence. The scientific novelty of the results obtained is the study of the implementation of Ukraine's trade policy in relation to the countries of North America in the context of the need for its adjustment in view of the vulnerability to the influence of factors exogenous in nature. These exogenous factors are characterized by their division into global challenges and risks. The issue that was also covered in the study is which of the parties to trade cooperation will be more affected by external factors. It is substantiated that the fall in prices for food and metallurgical products, the appreciation of the dollar, which stimulates the growth of imports of North American countries, the inter-state conflict in eastern Ukraine have less impact on cooperation with the countries of North America than changes in the structure of the World economy, the initiative of the president of the United States "to turn back" business and production from abroad to the country and inconsistency of the current structure of industrial production in Ukraine with modern requirements of technological multifacetedness.  JEL classification: C44. Keywords: Trade and economic cooperation, trade policy, exogenous factors of influence, endogenous factors of influence, global challenges, global risks. Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. TRADE FACILITATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: COOPERATION BETWEEN UKRAINE AND THE COUNTRIES OF NORTH AMERICA (1.2 MB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9088) The article substantiates the expediency of trade facilitation between Ukraine and the coun-tries of North America. This is a recent problem for Ukraine as the country affected by geopolitical risks. One of the solutions, needed in order to materialize the national economic interests and to de-fend the state sovereignty, is to enhance partnership with the countries of North America which are acknowledged leaders of the global economy. The purpose of this article is to justify recommenda-tions related to development and implementation of trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the countries of North America. The main issue is the development of cooperation un-der the protective trade policy of the USA and Canada. Using the GTAP model, the article provides several scenarios of trade and economic cooperation with the purpose of choosing the best one. The article also corroborates and offers focus areas and tools to improve trade relations between the countries. Key words: international trade, nontariff methods, tariff regulation, trade policy, trade and economic cooperation, GTAP, Ukraine, USA, Canada, countries of North America. JEL Codes: F10, F13, F17. Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. HIGHLY MARGINAL GOODS AS SOURCE OF EXPORT EFFICIENCY RISE IN AGRARIAN SECTOR (729.2 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9089) Having high export potential, Ukrainian agrarian sector continues to be in the agricultural commodity market periphery. One of the key problems is low export efficiency determined by raw materials domination in the structure. The study aim was to ascertain a reorientation possibility of export commodity structure in order to reduce the raw materials part and increase the highly mar-ginal goods part. The methodology consisted in studying the character of reciprocal influence com-parison of different commodity groups volumes of agricultural produce using Verhulst’s function. As a result, parameters of optimal goods correlation were designed, and a number of highly margin-al goods and conceptual basis able to improve export efficiency were established. Key words: export, agrarian sector, highly marginal goods, raw materials, export commodi-ty structure. JEL Codes: C23, F15, Q17. Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL RISKS ON THE WORLD TRADE AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT (428.9 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9090) Abstract. It is noted that the unprecedented dynamic globalization of trade and economic relations and the fourth industrial revolution cardinally transform the global distribution system of the world economy, accompanied by the growing impact of global challenges and risks, the failure to take into account the effects of which permanently reduces the efficiency of economic functioning and international trade. For developing countries affected by geopolitical challenges, the development of partnerships with countries that are recognized as global leaders in the world economy is essential in terms of national interests and the promotion of state sovereignty. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the impact of global risks on the formation and implementation of trade and economic policies of countries based on the methodological approaches of leading international economic institutions and organizations. Major global risks have identified rising / falling prices for assets, oil or gas, changes in the structure of trade and economic cooperation, terrorism, separatism, climate change, unemployment, income inequality, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyberattacks, etc. The following methods of scientific research were used to achieve the goal and to solve the tasks of the article: systematic structural analysis of economic processes and phenomena, method of quantitative and qualitative comparisons, tabular method of calculating the degree of influence. The scientific novelty of the results is to study the processes of formation and implementation of trade and economic policies of countries under the influence of exogenous factors on them. The influence of exogenous factors is characterized not only according to the sectoral classification (economic, geopolitical, technological, social and natural), but also taking into account the degree of influence of the factor (global challenges and global risks) on the environment. It is substantiated that in the conditions of globalization of the world economy, the threats receive a corresponding more serious nature. Therefore, government agencies need to develop new effective tools for their minimization in order to prevent negative effects and to implement more productive trade and economic cooperation with partner countries. Key words: trade and economic cooperation, international trade, global challenges, global risks, protectionist trade policy. JEL Classification: F4, F6 Formula: 0; pic.: 4; table: 6; bibl.: 10.435 Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. THE IMPACT OF GLOBAL RISKS ON THE WORLD TRADE AND ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT (428.2 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9094) Abstract. It is noted that the unprecedented dynamic globalization of trade and economic relations and the fourth industrial revolution cardinally transform the global distribution system of the world economy, accompanied by the growing impact of global challenges and risks, the failure to take into account the effects of which permanently reduces the efficiency of economic functioning and international trade. For developing countries affected by geopolitical challenges, the development of partnerships with countries that are recognized as global leaders in the world economy is essential in terms of national interests and the promotion of state sovereignty. The purpose of this paper is to characterize the impact of global risks on the formation and implementation of trade and economic policies of countries based on the methodological approaches of leading international economic institutions and organizations. Major global risks have identified rising / falling prices for assets, oil or gas, changes in the structure of trade and economic cooperation, terrorism, separatism, climate change, unemployment, income inequality, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyberattacks, etc. The following methods of scientific research were used to achieve the goal and to solve the tasks of the article: systematic structural analysis of economic processes and phenomena, method of quantitative and qualitative comparisons, tabular method of calculating the degree of influence. The scientific novelty of the results is to study the processes of formation and implementation of trade and economic policies of countries under the influence of exogenous factors on them. The influence of exogenous factors is characterized not only according to the sectoral classification (economic, geopolitical, technological, social and natural), but also taking into account the degree of influence of the factor (global challenges and global risks) on the environment. It is substantiated that in the conditions of globalization of the world economy, the threats receive a corresponding more serious nature. Therefore, government agencies need to develop new effective tools for their minimization in order to prevent negative effects and to implement more productive trade and economic cooperation with partner countries. Key words: trade and economic cooperation, international trade, global challenges, global risks, protectionist trade policy. JEL Classification: F4, F6 Formula: 0; pic.: 4; table: 6; bibl.: 10. Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. Realization of the potential of the Ukraine–EU free trade area in agriculture (864.6 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Періодичні видання
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9085) Abstract. The Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) Agreement between Ukraine and the EU has led to the following question: What new opportunities are unveiled for the agricultural sector? The aim of this article is to determine the promising trends in Ukrainian agriculture’s export potential considering the potential adverse effects from highly competitive markets. The authors’ gravity model is based on the research of the Ukraine–EU free trade area operating conditions. The paper provides a forecast on the volumes of trade flows of agricultural food products between the participants of the Agreement and determines advantages and disadvantages of trade and overall economic relationship liberalization. Finally, the ways to improve bilateral relations for Ukraine are proposed.   Keywords: free trade area, Ukraine, agricultural sector, export-oriented production.   JEL Classification: Q17, F15 Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. Modeling of development processes of bilateral trade and economic integration between countries (1.6 MB)
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    Тип публікації: Інші матеріали
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9086) Abstract.  The article dwells upon the main stages of analyzing economic effects of the free trade area between countries, while reviewing features of bilateral trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Canada in terms of global transformations. The article identifies opportunities and threats as well as strengths and weaknesses of bilateral relations under contemporary integration processes, while also providing substantiation of the promising areas of bilateral trade and economic cooperation between countries. The article comprises a gravity model and a forecast of quantitative indicators related to bilateral trade between Ukraine and Canada for the period of up to 2021 developed by the authors based on this model. Using the gravity modeling method, the impact of economic crisis manifestations in Ukraine and Canada on trade turnover between them has been assessed, while a conclusion has been drawn that the greatest impact on bilateral trade is produced by Canada’s GDP, whereas the change in price of logistical costs produces little effect on the turnover. The quantitative indicators of foreign trade between the two countries have been forecast under two scenarios: without the free trade area and with the latter created in 2017. Under the first scenario, a slight increase in trade turnover is expected due to the slow growth of GDP values both in Canada and Ukraine. Under the second scenario, by 2021 the trade turnover between the countries will increase twice and amount to USD 411 million. Keywords: Canada; Ukraine; Trade; Bilateral Relations; Trade and Economic Cooperation; Free Trade Area (FTA); Agreement; Gravity Model; Integration JEL Classіfіcatіon: C23; F15; F17 Місцезнаходження публікації
  • 18 Березня 2020 р. Global dominants of Chinese trade policy development: Opportunities and threats for cooperation with Ukraine (512.7 KB)
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    Тип публікації: Інші матеріали
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    Посилання: /ua/University_en/subdivisions/editional/vidannya&act=p_id(9087) Abstract. Growth of PRC’s influence as a leading trade country has consequences for its trading partners; at the same time, over the past years China has become one of Ukraine’s major trading partners. Studying current specificities of the countries’ bilateral trade, opportunities and threats relating to it, developmental perspectives of trade-economic cooperation between Ukraine and PRC therefore certainly warrents further research. This article’s aim is to study specificities of trade-economic cooperation between Ukraine and PRC; to ascertain dependence between national economic growth and the export to China; and to define strategic tasks of the countries’ cooperation for the time period until 2030. The main factors which influence strategic development of partner economic relations between Ukraine and China are determined on the basis of SWOT-analysis. A significance of China as a trade partner of Ukraine is defined and institutional basis for their trade relations is described. Direct dependence between trade turnover and gross domestic product of the countries is determined on the basis of modeled data using empiric gravitation model tools. Prospective directions of trade-economic relations are defined. Keywords: China, Ukraine, trade-economic cooperation, trade policy, international trade. JEL Classification: F14, О53 Місцезнаходження публікації